Share with you all about smart glass.

Does PDLC smart glass conduct electricity?

No, the internal PDLC layer is plastic and does not conduct electricity, since it is electrically insulated. Rather, it behaves more like a capacitor, where the applied signal alternates between positive and negative voltages at the plates of the capacitor, causing an alternating electric field throughout the PDLC dielectric, which is what aligns the liquid crystals with the frequency of the signal (normally 50 Hz or 60 Hz).

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What are the major reasons for using PDLC smart glass?

Enhanced security (since the glass is shatter-proof thanks to the internal plastic lamination)
Privacy (thanks to the scattering of light, essentially hiding whatever is behind the smart glass)
Glare reduction (again thanks to the scattering effect)
Reduction of the carbon footprint of the building thanks to the solar control, which reduces HVAC needs, both in summer and in winter
Reduced colour fading of interior furnishings and artworks, thanks to the rejection of UV
Creative marketing, since when the PDLC smart glass is off, the scattering effect creates a screen upon which you can project images.


What is a Liquid Crystal?

A liquid crystal is a hybrid between (i) a liquid which flows like a fluid and (ii) a crystal which is normally found as a solid, exhibiting short- or long-range symmetry.


Why is PDLC considered to be smart?

The smartness of PDLCs is a result of its ability to change its transparency (technically called the transmittance) when an electrical stimulus is applied to it. This is normally by way of an alternating voltage, which exerts an alternating electric field across the PDLC material.
Nevertheless, the PDLC is only as smart as the control system which stimulates the change, which can be driven by a push button switch, a light sensor, or a building automation system.


How to make smart glass?

How to make smart glass?
Step1. Wash and clean the glass.
Step2. Move the glass to the cleanroom for lamination.
Step3. Check the lower glass and clean possible stains.
Step4. Lay the pre-cut EVA interlayer on the lower glass.
Step5. Lay the PDLC film with busbars onto the EVA interlayer. During the process, the lower protective liner is removed. Then remove the upper protective liner. Note: Do not leave fingerprints or stains on the PDLC film.
Step6. Carefully adjust the position of the PDLC to align with the glass.
Step7. Lay out and align the upper layer of EVA interlayer.
Step8. Check and place the upper glass, carefully adjust the position of the glass to align with the lower glass.
Step9. Check the glass carefully to remove possible dirty spots and stains inside the glass.
Step10. Cut off the EVA interlayer to align with the glass.
Step11. Fix the busbars leads with high temperature tape, and wrap the glass edge with high temperature tape.
Step12. Move the glass to the next operating table.
Step13. Wrap the whole piece of glass in PET film.
Step14. Bond the PET film with silicone sealant strips to form a vacuum bag.
Step15. Set the vacuum port.
Step16. Pump the vacuum bag. Fold and firm the sides of the vacuum bag with high temperature tape.
Step17. During the pumping process, check whether the vacuum bag is leaking. After the pumping is complete, disconnect the pumping pipe.
Step18. Move the glass to the heating platform, connect the glass vacuum port to the vacuum system of the heating oven or autoclave, transfer the glass to the heating oven or autoclave, and heat the glass.
Step19. Heating. parameter settings.
Step20. After heating, remove the glass from the heating oven or autoclave. To pack and store.
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What is smart glass comprised?

Smart glass is a laminated glass comprising 2pcs of glass sandwiched in between by an EVA/PVB interlayer.